AP2 Labs

Materials Common to all Instructors

Print Lab Activity Sheets & bring to lab weekly. Videos, etc. here may be REQUIRED by your instructor.  Even if not, they are very helpful.

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Lab 1


Blood & Heart

Lab Activity Sheets  [Note:  Your instructor will provide Lab Activity Sheets for the first lab.  Students are expected to print your own for all remaining labs.]

Composition of Blood  12 min   https://youtu.be/5MOn8X-tyFw

Silent video: path of blood flow with oxygenation changes   1 min

Good description/explanation of Pericardial sac  1 page

The "Circulation Song"   3 min

"Pump Your Blood Song"   3 min

Little girl’s heart beats visibly outside her chest.   2 min each



Heart chambers, valves, and CAD       4 min


Blood Flow (pathway) through the heart , 10 min 


Composition of Blood  12 min   https://youtu.be/5MOn8X-tyFw

Heart Anatomy: chambers, valves, septa, layers, pericardial sac   13 min   https://youtu.be/bm65xCS5ivo

Heart Anatomy self quiz

Transporting a Beating Heart for Transplant   8 min



Lab 2

Beat the heat with the Clarion’s Cool Summer Matinee shows

Cardiac Conduction, ECGs, Pacemakers, Fibrillation, & Cardiac Output     

Lab Activity Sheets

Conduction System of Heart  5 min 


Electrical System of the Heart   10 min   https://youtu.be/7K2icszdxQc

video on conduction system and pacemakers

How a pacemaker works    2 min


Pacemakers (Single, Dual, & Biventricular) and Defibrillators   3 min  https://youtu.be/SMXBR_YFocs

Cardiac Arrhythmias    7 min  https://youtu.be/6LrptveKYus

video on conduction system

Conducting system and EKG   

Surgery:  Pacemaker Implantation   6 min

video on 'normal sinus rhythm,' sinus bradycardia, and sinus tachycardia

video of an ECG tracing. [It does change about midway and at the end.  Identify the two rhythms by name.


Lab 3

Coronary Vessels, Valves, Heart Sounds, & Dissection   

Lab Activity Sheets

Heart sounds, Normal

Heart sounds, Abnormal 

Plaque, Thrombus, and tPA, 3 min

Atherosclerosis, Plaque, Angina Pectoris, Heart Attack, Cardiac Arrest, Heart Failure,  11 min  [What he identifies as left coronary artery should be left anterior descending.  And, what he calls thrombosis should beembolus.  Otherwise... excellent explanation.]

Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) and treatment with tPA, 10 min

Angioplasty and Stent Placement  2 min 


Surgery, Aortic Valve Replacement   9 min  https://youtu.be/B9b_VCjI3n0


Angioplasty with stent,   11 min 


Angioplasty and Stent insertion  (9 min)

Surgery on Live Beating Heart   4 min  https://youtu.be/tRFMEeQCkpA

Angioplasty   5 min https://youtu.be/p3z9FLYijrQ

Heart Bypass Surgery   1 min https://youtu.be/gyBPtLrKfk4

Heart Sounds Correlated to the Cardiac Cycle  10 min  https://youtu.be/-4kGMI-qQ3I


Lab 4

Vessels, BF, BP, Blood Groups   

Lab Activity Sheets  

Blood vessels anatomy  3 min

Blood Pressure and Stent Placement  8 min


 Overview of BP, BF, PR, and HTN   10 min


Blood Pressure   7 min   https://youtu.be/J97G6BeYW0I


Types of Blood Vessels   8 min   https://youtu.be/iqRTd1NY-pU

Blood Vessels Identification Self Quiz

Overview of blood, clotting, and groups/types  10 min


Lab 5


Digestion, Hepatic Portal System, Blood Glucose, DKA, & Insulin Shock 

Lab Activity Sheets

Surgery, Tonsil Stones   3 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pvj3CAof3k8&feature=em-share_video_user

What Alcohol does to your Liver   2 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l-SBR7p7K-M&feature=em-share_video_user

Surgery, Appendectomy   2 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7zbYwSbwi48&feature=youtu.be

Surgery, Intraabdominal Cyst, NO WAY!! 10min  https://youtu.be/ViG6EwD9-v0

Comprehensive Lab Mid-Term (150 points) and Lymphatics

Lab room may have only limited availability this week.  Check with your instructor.

Lab Activity Sheets ("Lab 6 pre")

The Lymphatic System   11 min

Lymphedema explained   7 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hw8OrU9rgfs&feature=youtu.be

Lab 6

Respiratory System and Lung Dissection  

Lab Activity Sheets

Overview of Respiratory System - by former students  6 min

Overview of Respiratory system    3 min


Pneumothorax explained and treated by needle decompression   3 min each



Respiratory System, hemoglobin, gas transport, hyperventilation, etc.  11 min


What it’s like living with a trach tube.  (Only first 5 min is necessary)


Surgery, Chest Tube Insertion   5 min,  no audio  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EcIDkJHRq8c&feature=youtu.be

Surgery, Lung Tumor Removal   3 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lt2DXivoR1M&feature=youtu.be

Asthma Attack  6 min


Awake cricothyrotomy and endotracheal intubation   5 min

Lab 7

Urinary System, Nephrons, Dialysis

Lab Activity Sheets

Overview of Urinary System - by former students   12 min

Nephrology – Glomerular Filtration     15 min


How kidney Stones form  4 min


Dialysis Types  4 min


Crash course in kidneys and nephrons, part 1   11 min


Crash course in urinary system, part 2    10 min


Blood Flow and Nephrons   6 min


Reabsorption in kidney nephrons  3 min


Video: Lithotripsy Demonstration   6 min

Surgery, Kidney Stones removal   3 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pf3Yxczo9sg&feature=youtu.be

Surgery, Bladder Stones, largest EVER  2 min  https://youtu.be/vnjNC7ROYCw


 Lab 8

Urinalysis, pH, and Intro to Acid Base Balance   

Lab Activity Sheets

Regulation of acid-base balance   10 min


Lab 9

Regulation of Acid-Base Balance with Buffers, Respiratory Adjustments, and Renal Adjustments 

Lab Activity Sheets

Lab 10

Reproductive Systems, Wk 1 - Male and Female Genitalia    

Lab Activity Sheets

Orgasms explained   3 min

The science of "morning wood" - NPT   2 min

Female reproductive anatomy - by former students   5 min

Endometriosis Explained     5 min


Endometriosis, S&S and Explanation     3 min


Endometrial Biopsy    3 min


Living with Endometriosis – It’s tougher than you may realize    3 min


Surgery, Hysterectomy due to Fibroids   29 min  https://youtu.be/jPi3uA4-r_U

Surgical Removal of Epidermoid Cyst from Breast  10 min  https://youtu.be/2HGux5CcdXI


Surgery, Hysterectomy via da Vinci Robotic   10 min  https://youtu.be/9NoQEurShnk

Endometriosis  6 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8viFSWE_t9Q&feature=youtu.be

Male reproductive anatomy - by former students    5 min

Prostate Cancer  3 min each



How prostate cancer works   4 min

Lab 11

Reproductive Systems, Wk 2 - Pregnancy & Childbirth     

Lab Activity Sheets

Amniocentesis – What, When, How      6 min


Fertilization/Conception   3 min   https://youtu.be/DGyRD9HnXVs

Fertilization against all odds  6 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_5OvgQW6FG4&app=desktop

Fertilization  6 min   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_5OvgQW6FG4&feature=youtu.be

Emergency Contraception Options  3 min  https://youtu.be/7Vozr9vHeMo

Surgery, C-section, 16 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_nmViG54n3w&feature=youtu.be

Surgery, Ectopic Pregnancy   5 min, no audio  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2dMSoUFa84E&feature=em-share_video_user


Comprehansive Lab Final    150 Points

over labs 6-12 including lymphatics